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Indian Statistical Strengthening Project(ISSP)

Overview of India Statistical Strengthening Project (ISSP) renamed
Support for Statistical Strengthening (SSS)

Background (in brief)

1.        India Statistical Strengthening Project (ISSP), now renamed Support for Statistical Strengthening (SSS)aims to strengthen State statistical systems by way of providing adequate technical and financial support to improve their statistical capacity and infrastructure for collecting, compiling and disseminating reliable official statistics for policy planning purposes particularly at the State and Sub-State levels. With the above primary objective, the SSS could also be perceived as aScheme aimed to act as a catalyst in facilitating implementation of National Strategic Statistical Plan (NSSP) for meeting growing data requirements, both at national and international levels.

2.        ISSP was formulated as a sequel to the recommendations made by the National Statistical Commission (NSC) headed by Dr. C. Rangarajan and constituted for effecting necessary improvements in the Indian Statistical System. The said Commission had inter-alia comprehensively considered various important issues and requirements for the strengthening of the State Statistical System in the country. Through the implementation of the ISSP, the Ministry envisages that the 20 core statistical activities listed out by the NSC would be achievable by all States and UTs.

3.        ISSP is now restructured as a Central Sector Scheme called SSS in 2015. Earlier it was a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government of India (GOI) being implemented since 11th Plan, with an approved initial outlay of Rs.650.43 crores, out of which 80% has been funded through a World Bank Loan and 20% borne by the Government of India. The Project was approved by CCEA on 19th March, 2010. All the States/UTs expressed their willingness to participate in the project except for Goa and Chandigarh. The States/UTs were also required to provide State Share in the component of Physical Infrastructure (for civil construction only) in the ratio of 75:25 (90:10 in case of north east States and Jammu & Kashmir). As there is a cap on the total allocation under Physical Infrastructure, this funding was specifically to minimize allocation under this component. In all the other 11 components, the funding was by the Centre only.

4.        The participating States/UTs in the Project wereearlier required to prepare State Strategic Statistical Plans (SSSPs)/State Programs outlining the vision, development plan and implementation strategies for the respective State/UT. All participating States/UTs were provided Seed Money of Rs. 0.1 crore each (except Chhattisgarh and Haryana who were given Rs. 0.7 crore each) for preparing the SSSP. After approval of SSSP/State Programs by the State Government and the High level Steering Committee on ISSP in the Centre, an MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) were signed between the Government of India and the concerned State Government, on a case-to-case basis, to commence implementation of the Project for which funds were released in installments in accordance with the terms and conditions contained in the respective MoUs.

Key Areas of Support under SSS

5.         Based on World Bank Reports of Statistical Development and standards in different States, the States were divided into 3 groups based on an assessment of their current statistical capabilities viz. their participation in the National Sample Survey (NSSO) Rounds, and the extent of their processing capabilities and dissemination of the results. The groups were as follows:

Group 1- Not participating in NSS.
Andaman & Nicobar, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Lakshadweep
Group II- Participating in NSS though matching State sample, but not tabulating results 
Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Puducherry, Punjab, Sikkim, Tripura
Group III- Participating in NSS as well as tabulating results
Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Daman and Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal

6.        SSS aims to cover the following key areas of support to the States/UTs viz. (i) improving the coordination and management of statistical activities in the States/UTs (ii) Human Resource Development (HRD) (iii) developing statistical infrastructure   (iv) investing in physical infrastructure, including IT and (v) Improving statistical operations, especially those supporting the cause of improvement in the quality and dissemination of statistical data. These 5 key components actually form part of the 12 key activities listed out in each of the MoUs and for which funds have been separately allocated.

Expected outcomes under SSS

7.        SSS will ensure that all participating States/UTs will have adequate IT and Physical infrastructure so that the officials have a proper work environment and are equipped with the latest technology in terms of hardware and software. Capacity Development is also provided to enhance the efficiency of the workforce in State departments. Thus, with proper and effective implementation of SSS, it is expected that there would be a significant improvement in the credibility, timeliness and reliability of state/sub-state level data/statistical products and therefore, in turn the national level data, particularly in respect of following 20 key identified statistical indicators, including improvement in terms of adherence to prescribed statistical standards.

  • Estimation of State Domestic Product
  • Estimation of Capital formation and Savings
  • Estimation of District Domestic Product
  • Estimation of the contribution of local bodies
  • Compilation of data on major Fiscal variables
  • Participation in the conduct of Annual Survey of Industries
  • Compilation of Index of Industrial Production
  • Estimation of Crop area and Production
  • Compilation of Wholesale Price Index numbers
  • Compilation of Consumer Price Index numbers
  • Collection and compilation of Health, Morbidity and Mortality and Family Welfare Statistics
  • Collection and compilation of Education and Literacy statistics
  • Collection and compilation of Labour and Employment statistics
  • Collection and compilation of Housing statistics
  • Birth and Death registration and Population
  • Compilation of Electricity production and distribution statistics
  • Compilation of Environment and Forest statistics
  • Participation in the surveys of National Sample Survey Organization
  • Compilation of Transport statistics
  • Collection and compilation of Statistics for local area planning.

8.         In addition, SSS is also expected to improve and catalyze the process of generating data required for planning, monitoring and reviewing various development schemes including different flagship schemes of the Government. In fact, SSS, by way of strengthening the State Statistical Systems in the country, can be expected to eventually stimulate development of a sound objective data/information based decision support system at both the national and sub-national levels.
Current Status

8.         Initially, 13 States and 1 UT viz. Karnataka, Bihar, United Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, West Bengal, Odisha, Sikkim, Mizoram, Manipur, Jharkhand and Lakshadweep were allocated funds for implementation of the scheme in their State/UT. As the scheme was originally approved till March, 2012 [11th 5 Year Plan], the competent authority, while granting approval for extension of scheme till March, 2017 [12th 5 Year Plan] advised a restructuring of the scheme so as to incorporate the rest of the 19 willing but not yet participating States/UTs.Meanwhile, the UT of Lakshadweep expressed its inability to participate in the ISSP.

9.         Thus, in 2014-15, a major review and revisiting exercise was performed and allocations to the currently implementing States were revised. The allocations for the remaining 19 States/UTs, who wanted to join the project was worked out on an objective and logical basis keeping in mind the approved Cabinet norms, namely :-
i. The EFC/Cabinet had approved allocation for 3 Groups of States based on their participation in NSSO activities. The savings/funds made available, from the revisiting exercise, for each Group of States was therefore been arrived by considering the Group totals approved by the cabinet.
ii. Amount to individual State, within each group, was based on the number of districts in each State, in most cases. However certain caps were there for States with very few/large number of districts.
The whole exercise was approved by the competent authority. In the meanwhile, the scheme has been made a central sector scheme and the clause of a mandatory state share in civil infrastructure component, is now defunct.

10.       Subsequently, the currently implementing States have been revising their MoUs and State Programmes and getting their remaining allocations released. On the other hand the new States/UTs are also preparing their MoUs/State Programme in consultation with this Ministry. The status of the States presently implementing SSS are as follows:
Gujarat

    • The revised allocation is Rs. 28.56775 crore. In all Rs. 23.955875crore has been released, with Rs. 19.344 crore had been released prior to the revisiting exercise, and Rs. 4.611875 crore was released in March, 2015. The State has committed to provide Rs. 10.3638 crore which is in excess of the mandatory state share.
    • In all, Utilization of Rs. 23.9509 crore of GOI funds and Rs. 7.8515 crore of State funds have been reported
    • The project period is upto March, 2016.

Odisha

    • The revised allocation is Rs. 28.8118 crore. In all Rs. 19.96624 crore has been released, with Rs. 11.12064 crore had been released prior to the revisiting exercise, and Rs. 8.84176 crore was released after revisiting in June, 2015.
    • The project period is upto March, 2017.
    • The total State share as per revised MoU is Rs. 27.7498 crore, out of which the State Government is provide Rs. 25.0438 crore to complete its building works and Rs. 2.7060 crore in IT.

West Bengal

    • The revised GOI allocation of West Bengal after revisiting exercise is  Rs. 20.522 crore out of which Rs. 12.896 crore has been released till date, with Rs. 7.546 crore being released in March, 2015.
    • The project period is upto March, 2016.
    • The mandatory State sharewasRs. 1.964 crore; State has reported that this has been spent.

Mizoram

    • The revised GOI allocation of Mizoram is Rs. 15.27 crore, out of which Rs. 10.5125 crore has been released till date, with Rs. 4.7575 crore being released in March, 2015 after revisiting.
    • The project period has been extended upto March, 2017.
    • The mandatory State share is Rs. 1.005 crore. The state has also offered to provide Rs. 0.29 crore State share. Out of the total state share of Rs. 1.295 crore,  Rs. 0.7325 crore has already spent by the State.

Andhra Pradesh

  • The revised GOI allocation of Andhra Pradesh after revisiting exercise is    Rs. 14.9409 Crore, with Rs. 8.1236 Crore was deemed to bereleased to Andhra Pradesh prior revisiting [as per norms after bifurcation of the States] and Rs. 3.4056 crore was released in October, 2015 after revisiting.
  • The project period is upto March, 2016
  • Mandatory State share wasRs. 0.75 crore.

Telangana

    • The revised GOI allocation of Telangana after revisiting exercise is Rs. 12.3494 Crore. Rs. 10.168 Crore was deemed to bereleased to Telangana prior revisiting [as per norms after bifurcation of the States] and Rs. 1.0884 crore was released in October, 2015 after revisiting.Mandatory State share is Rs. 1.50 crore.
    • Out of a total amount of 12.7564 crore [11.2564 (GoI) + 1.50 (state share)] from the funds released so far, an amount of 12.1164 crore [10.6164 (GoI) + 1.50 (state share)] has been spent. Rs. 0.4484 crore has been utilized out of the last installment of Rs. 1.0884 crore.
    • The project period is up to March, 2016.

Rajasthan

  • The revised allocation is Rs. 34.6127 crore. In all, Rs. 29.5732 crore has been released, with Rs. 24.5337 crore released prior to the revisiting exercise, and  Rs. 5.0395 crore being released in October, 2015. The project period is upto March, 2017.
    • Rs. 5.0395 crore would be the remaining amount to be released.
    • While the mandatory State share wasRs. 7.9 crore, State Government has committed to provide Rs. 16.5050 crore.

Sikkim

    • The revised GOI allocation of Sikkim after revisiting exercise is Rs. 16.6849 Crore out of which Rs. 10.79 Crore has been released till date, with  Rs. 5.8948 crore being released in June, 2015 after revisiting.
    • The project period is upto March, 2016.
    • The mandatory State share wasRs. 0.6987 crore.

Manipur

    • The revised GOI allocation of Manipur is Rs. 20.69 crore out of which Rs. 14.887025 crore has been released till date, with Rs. 3.590725 crore being released in March, 2016 after revisiting.
    • The project period of Manipur is up to March, 2017.
    • The mandatory State share wasRs. 0.75 crore.

Kerala

  • The revised allocation is Rs. 14.9925 crore. Rs. 9.37122 crore was released in 2011-12. After revisiting, Rs. 5.66841 crore of unspent balance was revalidated. Remainder to be released is Rs. 5.62128 crore.
  • The project period has been extended to March, 2017.
  • The mandatory state share wasRs. 0.3975 crore but the state is providing Rs. 1.258 crore as total state share.

Bihar

    • The revised allocation is Rs. 20.1339 crore, out of which Rs. 17.5424 crore has been released in the financial year 2011-12 before revisiting. But as per UC given by State, it was seen that the State has utilized only Rs. 3.6756545 crore in the financial year 2013-14 [for vehicles] and the balance unspent amount Rs. 13.8668455 crore is remaining to be utilized. So this unspent amount is to be revalidated first before releasing the next installment.
    • State share is nil as per MoU.
    • The project period is upto March, 2017.

Jharkhand

  • The revised allocation is Rs. 12.57885 crore. Out of which Rs. 5.19264 crore has been released in the financial year 2012-13 before revisiting. But as per UC given by State, it was seen that the State has utilized only Rs. 2.25 crore and the balanced unspent amount Rs. 2.94264 crore is remaining to be utilized. So this unspent amount should be revalidated first before releasing the next installment. Mandatory State share as per MoU is Rs. 1.3026 crore.
  • The project period is upto March, 2017.

Karnataka

  • The allocation of Karnataka was revised from earlier Rs.32.8468 crore to Rs. 26.9696 crore, which was the amount released to it in three instalments upto March, 2013. Therefore no more funds have to be released to the State, but unspent balance may have to be revalidated.
  • The approved project period is upto March, 2016.
  • The revised MOU has to be signed, to enable to monitor their on-going works.

Tamil Nadu

  • Tamil Nadu was allocated Rs. 19.415575 crore after revisiting of the scheme. Rs.11.544 crore has been released to the State as 1st instalment in 2011-12. The State has reported utilization of the amount of Rs. 11.2928 crore and is requesting for 1st instalment of remainder funds after revisiting.  However the revised MOU is to be approved and signed. Rs. 7.771575 crore is the balance amount to be released in two [or more] instalments.
  • The approved project period is up to March, 2016.
  • The mandatory State share as per revised MoU is Rs. 4.84 crore, while the State Government is committed to provide Rs. 19.36 crore to complete its building works.

Uttar Pradesh

    • The GOI allocation of Uttar Pradesh is Rs. 43.86 crore out of which Rs. 6 crore was released in November, 2015. The State Share is Rs. 1.6193 crore.
  • The project period of Uttar Pradesh is up to March, 2017.

Uttarakhand

    • The GOI allocation of Uttarakhand is Rs. 20.38 crore out of which Rs. 4 crore was released in November, 2015. The State Share is Rs. 0.75 crore.
    • The project period of Uttarakhand is up to March, 2017.